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Bayt Fajjar - بيت فجّار : مشروع تحرج عن التلوث البيئي في بلدة بيت فجار _جامعة بيت لحم 2008

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Posted by Mohammad Thawabteh on May 15, 2008
Faculty of nursing and
Health sciences
Community Health Nursing
Community Assessment
""Beit Fajjar"؟
Prepared by:
Fadi Salah
Suhad Sadaa
Mohammad Alkadi
Mohammad Jwabrah
Hiba khalil
Submitted to:
Mrs. Mariam Awad
2007-2008
Objectives:
1. To asses the community as a hole.
2. To sharpen powers of observation and assessment of the community as a hole.
3. To identify the health needs of the community.
4. To interfere which community characteristics influences the health needs.
5. To identify priorities and resources available to meet with the health needs.
6. To know what is the community health nurse role in the community.
Introduction :
Bait Fajjar is one of Bethlehem city villages it is considered to be such a great economic wealth if exploited well by the people and the government but due to a lot of bad conditions Bait Fajjar is marked as a risky environment and not suitable to live in as some people say .
Our role as community health nurses is to identify based these problems and the dangers caused by that surrounds Bait Fjjar and to lay down solution based upon the findings and to conserve the life of the people who live in Bait Fajjar and to take advantage of such neglect place .

You will notice while reading through this research that we first made an introduction about Bait Fajjar as a village then we listed the problems and the strategies and the things had to be done in order to improve the life of the Fajjarin people
Finally we listed the role of the community health nurse and what should be done as nurses.
Back ground:
History did not neglect Beit Fajjar village. Canaanites lived in it since they came to Palestine. They called it "Beshfassa" & it means the outlook location. Beit Fajjar overlooks from the west on the coast & from the east Palestine terrestrial land. In the Canaanites testament, this village became a central city, & a connecting link between major cities, such as; Hebron, Bethlehem & others.
Biet Fajjar history is back to 200 years ago, when it first inhabited was followed Sa؟ir area, it was famous of agricultural. The original people of Beit Fajjar came from Bethlehem city (Dereayah family) & stayed in Beit Fajjar area. Today Beit Fajjar is a main source of stone cutting industries because of the major quarries in the West Bank available in this village.


1-Boundaries:
Beit Fajjar is located 13 Km to the south of Bethlehem, It is located between Hebron and Bethlehem east of route 60, bordered by Beit Ummar and Al 'Arrub Camp to the west, Al Khader to the north, Sa'ir to the south, and Al Tamereh to the east. Beit Fajjar is elevated 980 meters above sea level in the mountains, and has a population of 12000.
The village is located within the "Beit Fajjar" Village Boundary, which also includes five other localities: Hamrush, Al Manshiya, Marah Rabah, Wadi Muhammad and Mara Maalla. The total area of "Beit Fajjar" Village Boundary is approximately 17.3 km2, according to the village borders specified during the British Mandate.
Topography:
Beit Fajjar village lies on rocky hills which provide a good raw material for the stone cutting factories.

2- Climate:
Beit Fajjar is cool and rainy during the winter, and hot and dry during the summer.
During the summer because of the humidity and the dust caused by stone cutting factories, it's becoming difficult to breath, we noticed that during our visit, we felt as those who had asthma.

3-Housing characteristics:
The majority of houses are build from stones which is not a sign of wealth and richness. However, the workers who are working in the stone cutting factory takes stones for construction instead of money, some of the houses are located between those factories other are in remote areas surrounded by small gardens that is full with house's plants such as roses from inside the house it is different according to the persons financial status.

4- Demographic characteristics:
Total number of population in beit fajjar is 12000.
According to the municipality engineer, the density square donam is six persons per one square donam.There are three main families in Beit Fajjar: Taghatghah, Thawabtah, and Deraih.

5- Ethnicity:
The inhibitants of Beit Fajjar are all Arabs decending from Shafee ideology (Muslims) .
Although archeologists have recently discovered an ancient Roman church, there are no Christians live in Beit Fajjar.This indicates that Beit Fajjar sometimes inhabited by Christians.

6-Economic status:
The main source of livelihood of Beit Fajjar residents is the stone-cutting industry.
Among the Beit Fajjar population, those who do not work in the stone-cutting industry are engaged in governmental services, small agriculture production, bricks factories, bakeries, and shops, grocery stores, and transportations services. Few can reach their workplaces in Israel.
So that the result in social classes division, owner class and poor people class.

7- Education:
In Beit Fajjar, about 657 persons were illiterate, 990 persons could read and write only, 1734 persons completed elementary and preparatory education, and 323 persons received secondary degrees.
Education in Beit Fajjar is provided by the public sector.
There are seven schools and two kindergartens.

8- Religious:
There are seven mosques in the village. Recently archaeologists have discovered ancient Roman church.

9- Recreation:
There are many recreational associations and clubs that established last years, while the others still under establishment (due to lack of financial support). They aim to meet the needs of whole population groups including youth, women, children, and men).

10- Transportation:
This town depend on it transportation on taxies and buses.
11- Commercial services:
The factories have no marked location which is a big mistake that affect habitant's health. However the markets & restaurant are distributed all over the village.

12- Industries:
"The town of white gold"
The origin of this name comes from the stones and marble factories that distributed randomly in the town.
There are about 160 factory and stone works shop in biet fajjar.

13- Agriculture
Agriculture in Beit Fajjar is limited to local consumption. The total arable land of Beit Fajjar is about 10000 dunums.

14- Communication:
The village is connected to a telecommunications network, of whose services about 70% of the individual households benefit. This network is supplied by PALTEL.

15- Common services:
Water Services.
Electricity.
Sewage Disposal Facilities.
Solid Waste Collection Services.
Street lightening.

16-Health:
Bait fajar governmental health center: There is about 6 clinics in the Health canter.
17) Health characteristics:
Bronchial Asthma becomes the most common problem between Beit fajjar population, especially those who work in stone & marble factories.

Some health needs &/or problems :
1- The village has no specialized emergency unit .
2- There is no public health center at the middle of the village
so, there is no enough specialized clinics.
3- Most of stones factories are beside & between the houses which contributes with raising the incidence of respiratory diseases.
4- Precautions measures are not used at most of factories.
5-There is no sewage system.
6-Some houses have no enough ventilation & does not expose to sunlight as it must be.
7-Many roads are not paved ,this contribute in raise the incidence of most respiratory diseases & air pollution.
8-The agricultural areas are gradually decreased as a result of throw away the unuseful & unsafe products of stones cutting in these areas, beside to a huge area that is occupied & settled by Israel.
5-There is no sewage system.
6-Some houses have no enough ventilation & does not expose to sunlight as it must be.
7-Many roads are not paved ,this contribute in raise the incidence of most respiratory diseases & air pollution.
8-The agricultural areas are gradually decreased as a result of throw away the unuseful & unsafe products of stones cutting in these areas, beside to a huge area that is occupied & settled by Israel.

The major five problem in Biet fajjar :

1-Noise pollution.
2-Air pollution .
3-Health problems.
4- Educational problem.
5- Occupational problems.
Recommendations for educational problem.
Community health nursing role in Beit Fajjar .

Priorities of the local community.

Community Participation in Planning.

Analysis :
*The strength point :
1- Beit Fajar has high level of economic because it has 150 factories .
2- Community cooperative manpower participate in beit fajar planning .
3- Beit fajar has youth society.
4- Has high level of education .
5-Has good land for agriculture .
6-Has raw material that used in industry .
7-There is few Israel worker .
The weakness Point :
1.The random distribution of factories between houses .
2- There is no public park .
3- The separation wall takes many good lands that will be used in agriculture .
4- There is no emergency department to give treatment .
5- There is no hospital and the public hospital far away from beit fajar .
6- There is no am balance to help emergency cases .
7- There is no nursing in private clinic and in public clinic there is 4nursing .
8- The factories worker do not use proper way in work .
9- There is no sewage system in beit fajar .
10-The most important thing is the white material that causes many diseases especially respiratory diseases .
11-The street not sandy rocky street .

Recommendation :
1-Since the stone cutting factories produce environmental pollutions and health hazardous substances ,the local authority and ministry of health should apply affirm control over these factories They should force the owners to transfer their factories to remote areas and to handle their waste products in safe proper ways
2-The ministry of labor should supervise these factories closely and should forefend workers rights .
3-The fajjarian schools are advised to have a school nurse and sanitary programs for their students they should also give students the opportunities to participate in environmental activities such as planting ,cleansing streets ,ect.
4-The ministry of health should offer number of ambulances for emergent situations . it also should increase the number of medical centers in Beit Fajjar to meet the health needs of population .
5- workers should use advanced safety precautions such as masks, ear plugs, and suitable shoes, etc.

6- the municipality should structure new safe well organized sewage system.

7- it is a matter of necessity to have educational and recreational clubs for elderly.

8- It is a matter of necessity to have educational and health programs for Fajjarian people that safety their needs.

9- the local authority should prevent smoking in gas stations and other inflammable places.

10- the municipality should increase the number of garbage vehicles to prevent accumulation of waste products and spreading of infection.
Conclusion:
When we choose Beit Fajjar as a place for our community assessment we wanted to first get familiar with our country then to identify the problems and hazardous that is existed in Beit Fajjar village when we arrived we saw a huge cloud of dust in horizon above the village so immediately it hit us like a ton of bricks this is going to be a big challenge despite all the difficult circumstances which varied between the rocky uncomfortable to walk in or the incooperation of some people in official positions we managed to get a clear idea about the types of the problems in Beit Fajjar and we gathered some information that could be helpful for the Beit Fajjar community first then the others .




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