Although passenger service on the former Jaffa-Jerusalem line restarted after the 1948 war, the Battir station remained closed. The 1949 Armistice Agreement gave Israel full control over the railway, which it sought to secure. In order then to create a wide security corridor along the railway, Israel negotiated the shifting of the Green Line from the actual ceasefire line, pushing it into Battir land. Coming to the agreement that the village inhabitants would protect passing trains, Israel in return allowed the farmers of Battir to cultivate their land on the Israeli side of the Green Line.
The construction of the Israeli Wall is planned to follow the railway, posing a serious threat to the inhabitants of Battir who would lose more of the lands as a result. However, the Wall could follow paradoxically an alternative path: rather than following the railway, adhering instead to the legal contours of the village lands, the Wall would undermine the very separation it is designed to create. In this alternative configuration, the border line between Israel and the West Bank would intersect with the railway, paradoxically interweaving the territory and making explicit the unequal connectivity.
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