There are two wells, one being pumped. There also an irrigation pool, and a water reservoir for the locomotives located on the hill.
The native Bedouins in Birayn were probably expelled when Israel established Be'erotayim - then in the demilitarized zone near Egypt to control the area. The rest and most of them were expelled from the area in 1959 in the last major expulsion of Arabs from Israel - following the assassination of Major Yair Peled of the patrol unit of the paratroopers. The assassins were assassined, and thousands of Bedouins were expelled and their wells poisoned.
A tamarisk grove in Birayn was planted by Jewish students from the agricultural school Mikve Israel during WWI at the service of the Ottomans.
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