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Rivers of Palestine

al-‘Awja river  

Rubin River

al-‘Awja river

Location

32 6’ across and 34 56' length, and it originates from Ras al’Ayn (15 km north west of Jaffa) and terminate 9 km north of Jaffa (at Raydig electric power station nearby Tel Aviv).

Length and Depth

25 km in length and at termination point the river is 40 yards and 40 feet in width, and 12 feet in deep.

Productivity

300 million cubic meters of 32 million cubic meters were used to supply Jerusalem with its water supplies.

Major contributing wadies

At Ras al-'Ayn many springs and several wadies terminate their rain water from Nablus and Jerusalem mountains.

The primary supplying wadies from the Nablus mountains are:

  1. Wadi al-Qana:- originates from Huwarah, which passes through Dayr ‘Istyah, Kafr Thulth, and Jaljoulyah. Just before its terminating point, Wadi al-Qana is also known by Wadi al-‘Ashqar at al-Myaleh 
  2. Unknown Wadi which terminate with Wadi al-Qana:- originates from Sartah, and passing through Dayr Rafat, al-Zawyah, and Kafr Qasem**.
  3. Unknown Wadi which terminate with Wadi al-Qana:- originates from kafr Laqif, passes through Qalqeelyah and Byar ‘Adas*.
  4. Wadi al-Ballout:- originates from Singel, Silwad, Bayt Rima, and al-Liban al-Sharqi, and passes through Kafr al-Deek, Dayr Ballout, and Majdal Yaba*
The primary supplying wadies from the Jerusalem mountains are:-
  1. Wadi al-Jaryout:- originates from Beitunyah, and passes through Bayt ‘Aur al-Fuqa, Bayt ‘Aur al-Tahta, Bayt ‘Aur al-Tahata, Saffa, al-Medyah, Kafr ‘Ana*, al-Saqyah*, and terminating in al-‘Awja at al-Shaykh-Muwannis*.
  2. Unknown Wadi which terminate with Wadi al-Jaryout:- originates from Qatanah and Bayt Luqya, and passes through SalbitP, al-Qubab*, and al-Ludda

These water are also known by Wadi al-Musrarah or al-Barid river just before it terminates in al-‘Awja river at al-Shaykh-Muwannis. 
* Ethnically cleansed and destroyed in al-Ramla district during 1948 war.
** Occupied during 1948 war and partially ethnically cleansed.

Rubin River

Location

Rubin river is located about 12-14 km south of Jaffa, and it originates at Tall Abu Sultan 3 km east of the Mediterranean.

Major contributing wadies

Wadi al-Sarar terminate into Rubin river at Tall Abu Sultan, and its water starts at Bayt Jalah, Bayt Haneenah, and passes through ‘Aqur, and ‘Artouf, and at Qatarah, it’s also known by Wadi Qatarah too.
Note that at termination point of Rubin river (see al-Nabi Rubin, al-Ramla), the United States of America help Israel found its first nuclear reactor on 8th of May 1959, chich became fully operational on the 16th of June 1960.


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