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Welcome To al-Sindiyana - السنديانة

District of Haifa
Ethnically cleansed days ago


Google Earth
Picture for al-Sindiyana Village - Palestine: : نشطاء جمعية ديرتنا يقفون فوق أنقاض مسجد السنديانة- تصوير المهندس محمد يونس
Gallery (30)
Statistic/Fact Value
Israeli occupation date May 12, 1948
Distance from district center 29 (km) South of Haifa
Elevation from the sea 125 (meters)
Map location See location number #36 on the map
Israeli military operation Either Operation Coastal Clearing or Operation Mishmar Ha'emek.
Israeli attacking brigade Some units from the Haganah and the Irgun gangs.
Exodus Cause Military assault by Jewish troops
Village remains after destruction by Israelis The village has been completely destroyed, and only house rubble left behind.
Ethnically cleansing by Israelis

Although the villages of Sabbarin, al-Sundyana, and al-Fureidis were welling to surrender to the Haganah, they were mostly ethically cleansed upon occupation. Al-Syndyana Mokhtar along with his family and 300 other civilians stayed put and raised a white flag upon occupation. They were mostly expelled toward the Jinin areas.

Land ownership before occupation
Ethnic Group Land Ownership (Dunums)
Arab 9,706
Jewish 864
Public 4,602
Total 15,172
Land usage in 1945
Land Usage Type Arab (Dunum) Jewish (Dunum)
Irrigated & Plantation 525 0
Area planted w/ olives 200 0
Planted W/ Cereal 7,313 864
Built up 24 0
Cultivable 7,838 864
Non-Cultivable 6,446 0
before occupation
Year Population
19th century 300
1922 276
1931 923
1945 1,250
1948 1,450
Est. Refugees 1998 8,905
Number of houses In (1931): 217 (includes 'Arab al-Hamdun)
Schools al-Sindiyana had an elementary school for boys founded in 1942/1943, and in 1945 it had an enrollment of 200 students.
Inhabitants place of origin The original village inhabitants came two centuries ago from the neighboring villages of Umm al-Fahm and 'Arraba.
Water supplies al-Sindiyana had numerous springs and wells which provided it with water for both domestic use and irrigation.
Archeological sites al-Sindiyana contained building foundations, and pottery and tesserae which have been seen on its surface in a nearby Khirba. Also the village had Khirbat Rusaysa, which contained mosaics, rock-cut wine press, and columns that suggested that it was inhabited during the Roman-Byzantine period.
Exculsive jewish colonies on town's lands Avi'el
Related Maps خرائط للقضاء توضح حدود القرى والاودية
Town's map on MapQuest
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More Information
External Links
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في كتاب لكي لا ننسى
في كتاب بلادنا فلسطين
المزيد من موقع هوية
Nakba-Online (Hebrew)

Bibliography and References

Town Today

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, the village remaining structures on the village land are:
"The site is fenced in with barbed wire. Scattered piles of stones, the debris of destroyed houses, are visible among thorns, cactuses and fig, olive, and palm trees."


Display Name Clan/Hamolah Country of Residence
ammar nazzal nazzal irbed, jordan
مؤمن جوابرة جوابرة -
sari mogbel - -
Zein Meitani -
علاء عمر عصفور عصفور -
Mohammed Meqbel - -
حمزة نزال - -
naser البواقنة AMMAN, JORDAN
لؤي نزال اربد - الصريح, الاردن
عمر جانم بواقنه MN, USA
anwar nazzal - اربد / الصريح
محمد عيد البواقنة اربد, اربد
هدى فضل الحاج مرشد نزال نزال اربد
ايهاب - الاردن, الاردن
بهاء نمر - -
jamal Al Shalabi Al Shalabi Paris, France
محمد عويس البواقنه جنين
لبنى نزال - عمان, الاردن
Ahmad Mukbil Al-Mukbil -
Yacoub Meitani Meitani kuwait
م.هاشم حمزة السوالمة السوالمة jordan
fadel - Abu Dhabi
Mohammad Shawqi Nazzal - United Arab Emirates
Mohammed Nazzal Nazzal -
يوسف - -
محمد نزال نزال -
SALEH Al asfour - -
Naser Meqbel Germany
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